Shimon Peres' term as ninth president of Israel ends after a 7-year stint on 27 Jul 2014, 20 years after he co-won the Nobel Peace Prize with then-Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
They shared the prize for peace negotiations that led to the 1993 Oslo Accords. Hammered out in complete secrecy in Norway by Israeli and Palestinian negotiators, the agreement forced both sides to come to terms with each other's existence. The goodwill on both sides that led to the accords didn't last and the peace process has virtually died, but Peres has kept his crown as a peace advocate and great statesman. Peres served as a Member of Knesset for 48 years, the longest term of service in the history of the Israeli legislature. He served as Minister in 12 cabinets and served twice as prime minister (1984-1986, 1995-1996). Born on 2 Aug 1923, he turns 91 just days after his term ends. Members of the Knesset will vote for his replacement by secret ballot no less than 30 and no more than 90 days before his last day as president.
Date written/update: 2014-02-20