Albert Einstein presented his general theory of relativity, an earth-shaking physics formula that remains the foundation of scientists' understanding of the origin and evolution of the Universe, to the Prussian Academy of Sciences 100 years ago.
The centenary of the famous theory, which has stood the test of time, looms as a day for commemorations and conferences in scientific establishments around the world.
Key centenary events can be expected at the Einstein Museum in Bern, Germany, and at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. Einstein co-founded the University and bequeathed his entire estate to it. The University plans to build an Einstein Museum. The International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation is planning an official centenary conference, called A Century of General Relativity, in Berlin.
The theory of special relativity, which Einstein published in 1905, laid out the relationship between energy and mass, in history's most famous equation: E = mc2. General relativity adds gravity to the theory of special relativity, explaining that matter warps space-time, much as a bowling ball set down on a bed creates a depression in the sheets.
NASA's Gravity Probe B found that the space-time around Earth is indeed curved by our planet, and twisted by its rotation. Science.com notes that Einstein's theory continues to inspire research into some of the most fundamental unanswered questions in physics and astronomy. The magazine explains that researchers will keep using the theory to gain a better understanding of black holes, neutron stars and other celestial bodies and phenomena.
Date written/update: 2015-05-19