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CANADA 29 Apr 2013 Zipper device patented 100 years ago
Swedish-Canadian Gideon Sundback received a United States patent on 29 Apr 1913 for the modern hookless zipper, which improved on the clasp loc

April 29, 2013 - NULL

CANADA 29 Apr 2013 Zipper device patented 100 years ago
Swedish-Canadian Gideon Sundback received a United States patent on 29 Apr 1913 for the modern hookless zipper, which improved on the clasp locker exhibited by Whitcomb Judson 20 years earlier at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. One hundred years on, a zipper is so much more than a sliding device for binding an opening in fabric. It has spawned its own lexicon, made it into Space, occasionally makes headlines, all while remaining an essential for many garments.

The word - coined in 1923, not 1913 - describes a device consisting

CANADA 29 Apr 2013 Zipper device patented 100 years ago
Swedish-Canadian Gideon Sundback received a United States patent on 29 Apr 1913 for the modern hookless zipper, which improved on the clasp locker exhibited by Whitcomb Judson 20 years earlier at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. One hundred years on, a zipper is so much more than a sliding device for binding an opening in fabric. It has spawned its own lexicon, made it into Space, occasionally makes headlines, all while remaining an essential for many garments.

The word - coined in 1923, not 1913 - describes a device consisting of two strips of material with metal or plastic teeth along the edges, and a sliding piece that draws the teeth into interlocking position when moved in one direction and separates them again when moved in the opposite direction.

The truncated form, "zip" has become a synonym for speed, sometimes taking on additional meaning. Zipping a computer file, for instance, compresses it, while a US zip code ensures the efficient sorting of mail -- as well as its speedy arrival. A zip bag brings ease and efficiency to packing things into small spaces, while the expandable zipper feature on luggage expands the benefit. The publication Physorg.com notes that NASA uses a zipper on a case for stowing research samples for travel to and from the International Space Station."

Key in "zip" in the FreeDictionary.com and find the following verb synonyms: "speed, shoot, fly, tear, rush, flash, dash, hurry, barrel (along) buzz, streak, hare, zoom, whizz, hurtle, pelt, burn rubber," even "nil" and "A brief sharp hissing sound." As a noun "zip" brings us: energy, go, life, drive, spirit, punch, pep, sparkle, vitality, vigor, verve, zest, gusto, welly, get-up-and-go, oomph, brio, zing, liveliness, vim, pizzazz, A brief sharp hissing sound," and even "nil."

And people can be zipped or unzipped. A recent headline from cable broadcaster CNN says "Ann Romney goes for the zipper." Talking about her husband, 2012 presidential candidate Mitt Romney, she told a local radio station, "I guess we better unzip him and let the real Mitt Romney out." Romney is accused of being stiff.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, Judson's fastener, called a clasp locker, was an arrangement of hooks and eyes with a slide clasp for closing and opening. Sundback substituted spring clips in place of hooks and eyes, and on 29 Apr 1913, he received a patent for his Hookless #2. A similar device had been patented the previous year in Europe by Catharina Kuhn-Moos, but Sundback is credited with the invention.

In 1923 B.G. Work of the B.F. Goodrich Company gave the name "zipper" to the slide fastener that had just been adopted for closing overshoes. FreeDictionary notes that he is said to have slid the fastener up and down on the boot and exclaimed, "Zip 'er up," echoing the sound made by the device. (WRITTEN APR 2012)

RELATED READING:
Definition "zip"
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/zip

Definition "zipper"
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/zipper

Ann Romney goes for the zipper (CNN 2 Apr 2012)
http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2012/04/02/ann-romney-goes-for-the-zipper/.htm

Space savings for station science samples (PhysOrg 4 Apr 2012)
http://www.physorg.com/news/2012-04-space-station-science-samples.html

History of the zipper (about.com)
http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa082497.htm

Date written/update: 2013-04-29