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Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi death camp liberated 70 years ago

January 27, 2015 - POLAND

The 70th anniversary of the liberation by Soviet troops of Auschwitz-Birkenau, recognized as the most lethal of the Nazi death camps, could be the most poignant of the milestone anniversaries as very few survivors are still alive.

Holocaust Memorial Day 2015 invites a status report on reparations related to the estimated 10 per cent of Holocaust victims who were not Jews. They included Roma, Sinti, homosexuals and others deemed inferior by the Nazis.

The wreath-laying Auschwitz-Birkenau is likely to bring European leaders and an Israeli delegation led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to the camp, now a permanent memorial.

Hitler attempted to exterminate the Roma and Sinti population, homosexuals, some religious groups and political enemies as well as the Jewish population of German-occupied Europe. Recent years have seen rights groups organizing around the 10 per cent, a circumstance that could see more talk about reparations for all 100 per cent of the Nazis' victims and more focus on the 10 per cent at the Holocaust services, vigils and memorials around the world on January 27.

Sinti and Roma (Gypsies) United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

European Roma Rights Org.

Jewish Responses to the Porrajmos (University of Minnesota)

Auschwitz survivors mark 69 years since liberation of Nazi death camp (Guardian 27 Jan 2014)

Date written/update: 2014-02-10