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ANTARCTIC 17 Jan 2012 British explorer reached South Pole 100 years ago

Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole leading a party of five on 17 Jan 1912 only to find that Roald Amundsen’s No

January 17, 2012 - NULL

ANTARCTIC 17 Jan 2012 British explorer reached South Pole 100 years ago

Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole leading a party of five on 17 Jan 1912 only to find that Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition had beaten them by a month. Scott and his party perished from exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold on the return journey overland, and his death was recorded on 29 Mar 2012. Despite his second place, Scott is an iconic figure in Britain. The centenary of his "Terra Nova" expedition include a sledge expedition and memorial service in Antarctica.

The expedition will follow the

ANTARCTIC 17 Jan 2012 British explorer reached South Pole 100 years ago

Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole leading a party of five on 17 Jan 1912 only to find that Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition had beaten them by a month. Scott and his party perished from exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold on the return journey overland, and his death was recorded on 29 Mar 2012. Despite his second place, Scott is an iconic figure in Britain. The centenary of his "Terra Nova" expedition include a sledge expedition and memorial service in Antarctica.

The expedition will follow the route taken by the search party of 1912. The team will travel with full supplies from Scott's original base to where the tent of the polar party was found. On completion of the memorial service, the expedition will return overland, a journey of 290 miles. Descendants of the five Polar families, expedition patrons, sponsors, representatives of Polar organizations and senior UK military figures are expected to attend the Antarctic service.

Lectures, exhibitions and re-screenings of documentaries and the 1948 movie, "Scott of the Antarctic," can be expected elsewhere.

Scott joined the Royal Navy in 1880. He commanded his first Antarctic expedition on the HMS Discovery from 1901-04. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica account, Scott embarked in Jun 1910 on his second Antarctic expedition, aiming to study the Ross Sea area and reach the South Pole. Equipped with motor sledges, ponies, and dogs, he and 11 others started overland for the pole from Cape Evans on 24 Oct 1911. The motors soon broke down; the ponies had to be shot before reaching 83°30' S; and from there the dog teams were sent back. On Dec 10 the party began to ascend Beardmore Glacier with three man-hauled sledges. By Dec 31 seven men had been returned to the base. The remaining polar party--Scott, E.A. Wilson, H.R. Bowers, L.E.G. Oates, and Edgar Evans--reached the pole on Jan 18 only to find evidence of the Amundsen party. Exhausted by their 81-day trek, they were ill-equipped to cope with the bad weather and other hardship of the return trip. Two members of the expedition died shortly after they set out for home. The remaining three died in March, only 11 miles from their destination. (WRITTEN Jul 2011)

RELATED READING:

Robert Falcon Scott biography (Encyclopedia Britannica)
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/529613/Robert-Falcon-Scott

The International Scott Centenary Expedition
http://www.isce2012.co.uk/

Polar Events - lectures, exhibitions
http://website.lineone.net/~polar.publishing/polarevents.htm

Date written/update: 2012-01-17